Package groovy.lang
Interface Range<T extends Comparable>

 All Superinterfaces:
Collection<T>
,Iterable<T>
,List<T>
 All Known Implementing Classes:
EmptyRange
,IntRange
,NumberRange
,ObjectRange
public interface Range<T extends Comparable> extends List<T>
A Range represents the list of discrete items between some starting (orfrom
) value and working up towards some ending (orto
) value. For a reverse range, the list is obtained by starting at theto
value and working down towards thefrom
value. The concept of working up and working down is dependent on the range implementation. In the general case, working up involves successive calls to the first item'snext()
method while working down involves calling theprevious()
method. Optimized numerical ranges may apply numeric addition or subtraction of some numerical step size. Particular range implementations may also support the notion of inclusivity and exclusivity with respect to the ending value in the range. E.g.1..3 == [1, 2, 3]
; but1..<3 == [1, 2]
. In general, the second boundary may not be contained in the range, anda..b
may produce a different set of elements than(b..a).reversed()
. E.g.1..2.5 == [1, 2]
; but2.5..1 == [2.5, 1.5]
. Implementations can be memory efficient by storing just thefrom
andto
boundary values rather than eagerly creating all discrete items in the conceptual list. The actual discrete items can be lazily calculated on an as needed basis (e.g. when calling methods from thejava.util.List
interface or the additionalstep
methods in theRange
interface). In addition to the methods related to a Range's "discrete items" abstraction, there is a method,containsWithinBounds
which, for numerical ranges, allows checking within the continuous interval between the Range's boundary values.


Method Summary
All Methods Instance Methods Abstract Methods Modifier and Type Method Description boolean
containsWithinBounds(Object o)
Indicates whether an object is greater than or equal to thefrom
value for the range and less than or equal to theto
value.T
getFrom()
The lower value in the range.T
getTo()
The upper value in the range.String
inspect()
boolean
isReverse()
Indicates whether this is a reverse range which iterates backwards starting from the to value and ending on the from valueList<T>
step(int step)
Forms a list by stepping through the range by the indicated interval.void
step(int step, Closure closure)
Steps through the range, calling a closure for each item.
Methods inherited from interface java.util.Collection
parallelStream, removeIf, stream, toArray

Methods inherited from interface java.util.List
add, add, addAll, addAll, clear, contains, containsAll, equals, get, hashCode, indexOf, isEmpty, iterator, lastIndexOf, listIterator, listIterator, remove, remove, removeAll, replaceAll, retainAll, set, size, sort, spliterator, subList, toArray, toArray




Method Detail

getFrom
T getFrom()
The lower value in the range. Returns:
 the lower value in the range.

getTo
T getTo()
The upper value in the range. Returns:
 the upper value in the range

isReverse
boolean isReverse()
Indicates whether this is a reverse range which iterates backwards starting from the to value and ending on the from value Returns:
true
if this is a reverse range

containsWithinBounds
boolean containsWithinBounds(Object o)
Indicates whether an object is greater than or equal to thefrom
value for the range and less than or equal to theto
value.This may be true even for values not contained in the range. Example: from = 1.5, to = 3, next() increments by 1 containsWithinBounds(2) == true contains(2) == false
 Parameters:
o
 the object to check against the boundaries of the range Returns:
true
if the object is between the from and to values

step
void step(int step, Closure closure)
Steps through the range, calling a closure for each item. Parameters:
step
 the amount by which to step. If negative, steps through the range backwards.closure
 theClosure
to call

step
List<T> step(int step)
Forms a list by stepping through the range by the indicated interval. Parameters:
step
 the amount by which to step. If negative, steps through the range backwards. Returns:
 the list formed by stepping through the range by the indicated interval.

